Step 1: Find valence e- for all atoms. Add them together.

C:4x2=8

H:1x4=4

Total=12

Step2: Find octet e- for each atom and add them together.

C:8x2=16

H:2x4=8

Total=24

Step3: Subtract step 1 total from step 2. Gives you bonding e-.

24-12=12e-

Step 4: Find number of bonds by diving the number in step 3 by 2(because each bond is made of 2 e-)

12e-/2= 6 bond pairs

Step 5: Find the number of nonbonding (lone pairs) e-. Subtract step 3 number from step 1.

12-12= 0e-=0 lone pairs

Use information from step 4 and 5 to draw the lewis structure.

## Lewis dot structure of C_{2}H_{4}

Alternatively a dot method can be used to draw the lewis structure.

Calculate the total valence electrons in the_{} molecule.

C:4x2=8

H:1x4=4

Total=12

Put two carbons in the center and arrange hydrogena toms on the sides.Arrange electrons until both carbons get 8 electrons.