Step 1: Find valence e- for all atoms. Add them together.
Step2: Find octet e- for each atom and add them together.
Step3: Gives you bonding e-. Subtract step 1 total from step 2
Step 4: Find number of bonds by diving the number in step 3 by 2(because each bond is made of 2 e-)
8e-/2= 4 bond pairs
Step 5: Find the number of nonbonding (lone pairs) e-. Subtract step 3 number from step 1.
8-8= 0e-=0 lone pairs
Use information from step 4 and 5 to draw the lewis structure.
Carbon goes in the centre.
Lewis dot structure of CH4
Alternatively a dot method can be used to draw the lewis structure.
Calculate the total valence electrons in the molecule.
Put carbon in center and arrange hydrogen atoms on the sides.Arrange electrons between carbon and hydrogen atoms.